problems in upper floors can also occur where a building has been subjected to a change of use, or where there is insufficient insulation to combat noise, especially impact sound transmission. solid floors. ground floors will either consist of a suspended floor, or of a solid slab, built directly off the ground.
domed ceilings. usually included in a tight hall or entryway, a domed ceiling expands the feeling of an area, lifting the ceiling as an accent. domes are wonderful locations for painted embellishments, mosaics or spectacular lighting fixtures. inset lighting gives domes an entirely different look as another option.
suspended ceilings. these are secondary ceilings suspended from the structure above typically a floor or roof slab , creating a void between the underside of the slab and the top of the suspended ceiling. this void can provide a useful space for the sprinklers, distribution of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning hvac
ceiling designs have evolved over the years, and these are some of the most common types: 1. conventional ceiling. this is the ceiling type commonly seen in homes. its the standard style typically 8 feet high to fit with standard construction material sizes. it has a simple flat surface with an accessible height.
suspended concrete slab. to form this type of slab requires temporary beams, columns, and plywood as floor supports for the concrete. the forming is very similar to that of framing floor of a house except concrete is a lot heavier than normal residential live load and dead load.
epoxy flake floor. commonly used in garages, flake floors can be functional in many other spaces as well. these floors consist of an epoxy primer, base coat, flake coverage to 100% with a coat of sealer to lock the chips in place and a high performing, scratch-resistant polyurethane top coat.
floor structures are generally one of two types solid or suspended. suspended timber floors, which are typically found in older houses, are normally made from timber floorboards which are then attached to joists just above the foundations of a house.
best floors for aerobic activity. by kris heeter. aerobic suspended-wood floors are easy on the joints. whether your favorite indoor aerobic activity is walking, running, basketball or an aerobics class, the floor you work out on makes a big difference in how you feel during the workout and the impact on your body.
the speedfloor concrete floor system is a proven performer in all types of construction, from steel structures, masonry buildings, poured in-situ or precast concrete panels, to icf, timber and cold formed steel frame construction. the joist: is manufactured from g350, z275 or z450 pre-galvanized steel. the rollformed shape with
what is a slab? slabs are constructed to provide flat surfaces, usually horizontal, in building floors, roofs, bridges, and other types of structures. the slab may be supported by walls, by reinforced concrete beams usually cast monolithically wit
the pros and cons of different types of home flooring. the guide comes from direct buy, and lays out the pros and cons for ceramic or porcelain tile, floating wood tile, carpet, hardwood, engineered wood, bamboo, cork, stone, an vinyl flooring. installing flooring can be an incredibly difficult task to take on, so it helps to know what you're getting
method of construction of brick floor: over this compacted earth, a layer of clean sand about 10 cm thick is evenly spread. then a layer of lime concrete 1:4:8 or lean cement concrete 1:4:16 is laid, compacted and cured. over this base concrete well soaked bricks are laid in cement mortar 1:4 in any suitable bond.
suspended concrete floors typical block and beam floor quick and cheap to install inverted t shaped beams concrete blocks placed in between them 7. ground supported floors solid ground of hardcore supports concrete floor thick damp proof membrane placed under concrete with a layer of insulation typical slab 150mm with reinforcement
beam and block ground floors the most popular option. suspended concrete flooring systems were originally developed as a means of overcoming ground problems such as unstable sloping sites, where it made sense to bridge deep gaps rather than fill them. today, nearly all new houses employ beam and block construction for their ground floors.
flat plate. the principal feature of the flat plate floor is a uniform or near-uniform thickness with a flat soffit which requires only simple formwork and is easy to construct. the floor allows great flexibility for locating horizontal services above a suspended ceiling or in a bulkhead.
how to insulate suspended timber floors. this insulates the floor, but still allows some air to circulate, preventing the timber from getting damp and rotting. you can also insulate from above using a similar method to a concrete floor, but a breathable insulation must be used along with a breathable membrane to ensure that the timber can breathe.
floor surface must be clean, dry and have all previous finish materials removed. dust mop floor with a dust mop system to remove all debris. strip all finish from the floor with a rinse-free stripper.
plenum. plenums are air compartments or chambers, either above suspended ceilings, in the gap between the ceiling and the floor slab, or below raised floors in the gap between the raised floor and the floor slab. they form part of the ventilation system for the building . see: plenum for more information.
vinyl and linoleum are different materials but are similar types of 'resilient' flooring. both come in easy-to-install tiles, planks, and sheet forms. they are highly durable and moisture-resistant and come in a wide variety of colors and styles.
third: subfloor. subfloor is the bottom-most layer and it rests on the joists. if you have a concrete slab floor, the slab may be considered the subfloor. typically made of plywood or osb and ranging in thickness from 19/32' to 1 1/8' thick, subfloor is truly structural, second only to joists in this respect.
suspended floors. suspended floors can be constructed in three basic forms:- 1. as wholly of reinforced in-situ concrete, 2. as a floor consisting of reinforced or prestressed precast concrete units, usually spanning in one direction, 3. as a floor comprising reinforced or prestressed precast concrete units overlaid by an in-situ concrete layer
different types of concrete slabs flat one and two way, hollowcore ribbed, hardy, arch, sunken, grade post tension pre, pitch roof, sunshade, waffle slab
different types of ground floor suspended flooring. air bricks through the outer walls, facilitate air movement. in old properties 1910 to 1980 ish , air bricks were often fitted just in the outer brick skin with a brick left out in the inner skin, thus the air brick vented both under the floor and the wall cavity,