how to build a deck - deck and porch railing construction. the best deck railing patterns often consist of double top and bottom rails and sandwiched porch railing pickets. one side is constructed on the ground complete with both top rail, bottom rail, and pickets and finished when placed between porch columns.
freestanding or attached, your basic building blocks will be the same: foundation, beams, joists, and decking. ensure your deck has proper support, such as a ledger board or posts. use string, screws, and batter boards made from furring strips to lay out your plan. your level and measuring tape will be your biggest assets for precision and accuracy.
how to support a roof over a deck benefits of building a roof over a deck building a roof over a deck not only provides shade from the blazing sun and shelter from light to heavy rains, it can also protect the deck itself from deteriorating under harsh weather conditions.
start the deck frame. start by forming the perimeter and a center beam. after cutting several boards to length, screw treated lumber and redwood together to form double-thick perimeter boards. because the center beam remains hidden, only use pressure-treated lumber. nail on steel bracket ties to give lateral support
framing high decks. building codes call for stronger materials, and joints the higher off of the ground a structure becomes. in many jurisdictions, ground level decks may not require any inspection, while second story decks nearly always do. safety is the primary concern driving these differences.
our guide on starting a deck building business covers all the essential information to help you decide if this business is a good match for you. learn about the day-to-day activities of a deck building business owner, the typical target market, growth potential, startup costs, legal considerations, and more
deck support column design and size. you can build the deck support columns using a poured footing with a concrete tube to just above ground level and use a wood post to continue to deck beam level or you can take the concrete tubes to the height of the deck beams as shown in figure 2.
decks typically are designed to support 55 pounds per square feet, or psf, of weight. if the deck doubles as a porch, it needs to be able to support no more than 80 psf. porch decks also require larger footings than deck footings. most deck roofs require separate footings from the deck to support the weight of the roof throughout the seasons.
a deck should complement its environment, your landscape, and enhance your outdoor living space. your deck, therefore, should ideally complement you and your lifestyle. whatever your reason for building a deckfor entertaining, relaxing or outdoor living, you will need to consider materials for your decking.
15 modern deck building tips and shortcuts family handyman there are lots of new decking products on the market, and deck building methods continue to evolve and improve.
use our how to build a deck pictorial, which is perfect for porches too, to see how professionals build a structure in less than six hours. it is a step-by-step guide to building the porch or deck foundation and flooring along with tips and ideas you can use.
building a deck could take as little as a week or as long as several months, depending on the size and complexity of the design and on unpredictable events such as weather delays. despite these variables, most deck construction follows a basic sequence: preparing the site; installing the foundation
3 best practice deck building tips. weve found that the best product to minimize and deflect water infiltration these points is a product called grace vycor plus flexible flashing. this is a self-healing peel and stick product that comes in rolls 75 long and various widths 4 6 9 and 12 , and is an easy, efficient install. a 4 roll is mostly what youll need.